ISA Interchange

Welcome to the official blog of the International Society of Automation (ISA).

This blog covers numerous topics on industrial automation such as operations & management, continuous & batch processing, connectivity, manufacturing & machine control, and Industry 4.0.

The material and information contained on this website is for general information purposes only. ISA blog posts may be authored by ISA staff and guest authors from the automation community. Views and opinions expressed by a guest author are solely their own, and do not necessarily represent those of ISA. Posts made by guest authors have been subject to peer review.

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The Demons in Your Data

If you are a manufacturing operations leader, the ability to make data-driven decisions in near real-time is most likely a very important goal. If you are a maintenance leader, being able to get to asset data to drive your condition-based and predictive initiatives is very important to the future success of your team. All these scenarios rely on the access to, and the readability of, manufacturing operational data in a way that does not interrupt operations or put critical control systems at risk.

First - The Collection of Data

This element sounds very basic but it’s the critical foundation element. This needs to be done correctly and efficiently, starting with the process data which is the time series data that the sensors and instrumentation generate, along with the calculated values generated within the process systems. This data is captured within the automation controls layer, which is mission critical data.

You should not have anyone, except the automation control experts, accessing it. Therefore, this data needs to be extracted into a repository that puts it into a different layer and keeps the automation controls layer isolated and secure.

The preferred way of doing this is via a process data historian. Process data is only half the collection element; the other half is the transactional data. This is the all-important operation event header type records (ie, batch numbers, lot numbers, order numbers, quality samples, downtime events, work orders, etc.). To be useful and manageable, this data needs to be kept in a relational database format, like a SQL-based database.

Second - Analytics

Basic analysis of process data is accomplished with native Microsoft Excel connectivity tools or the historical trending tools found in many human-machine interface/supervisory control and data acquisition (HMI/SCADA) platforms.

Typical examples of analysis are:

  • Trending of rates, flows, and temperatures over time
  • Threshold determination
  • Auto population of Excel-based reports

Third - Socialization

It is now time to socialize the results. A good socialization solution needs to address all these interests and needs to have access to the data to support these divergent interests. The interest at a plant management level is going to be a mixture of both high and low, which is natural.

Hence, when selecting a specific technology layer, consider the data sources the system needs to source, the existing enterprise analysis and visualization tools already in place, the entire user community needs, and the client hardware platforms that will require support.

Achal Lekhi
Achal Lekhi
Achal Lekhi is a diligent and detail-oriented Operational Technology Security Specialist Professional with a strong academic background and hands on experience in several complex roles in different sectors. Achal is a quick thinker, with an ability to wear multiple hats - strategic, technical, and logical for a given requirement. He believes strongly that there is no problem in the world that does not have a solution! Currently, Achal works as an Operational Technology (OT) Security Consultant across several industries globally. He has an excellent blend of technology capability, OT/IT awareness, Network and Information Security, and Risk and Compliance with a detailed understanding and experience of Implementing OT Security Cybersecurity Standards.

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