This session is in the Safety/Environmental Performance Track: Safety Systems: Solving Today's Toughest Applications
Mr. Abhilash Nair, Invensys Operations Management Read Bio
Mr. Obaid M Al-Swailmy, Saudi Kayan Petrochemical Company Read Bio
Mr. Anil Kewalramani, Saudi Kayan Petrochemical Company Read Bio
Mr. Tariq Khan, Invensys Operations Management Read Bio
Understanding the behavior of the steam system following such upsets is critical to developing a strategy to control it. The steam system is typically a large network of piping with multiple pressure levels running throughout the complex with various regulatory control points scattered across. The response of such a large and integrated system to process upsets is a very complex flow, mass and energy balance problem which is compounded by the dynamics of regulatory process controls interacting with the process.
Dynamic simulation is the best available tool to evaluate such systems; their response to process upsets including the effect of regulatory process control and process design limitations, if any. This sort of understanding of the process response enables engineers to design and test appropriate control strategies to mitigate the undesirable effects of an upset which may include loss of the entire steam system, trip of critical units and equipment leading to excessive flaring and loss of production.
Invensys, an industry leader in Dynamic Process Simulation, was approached to help perform a dynamic simulation study of the facility’s steam system. Invensys developed the dynamic simulation model for the integrated petrochemical complex’s Steam system using their proprietary dynamic simulation modeling product - Dynsim. The model was then used to study various upset scenarios on the complex’s steam system to evaluate the system response and then to identify, test and recommend suitable mitigating operating and control strategies.
Implementation of the ESLSS is expected to benefit Saudi Kayan significantly in enforcing safe and reliable operation of the facility and in minimizing operating/capital losses during plant steam upset conditions. One of the deliverables from the study was a detailed report analyzing the transient behavior of the system and enlisting mitigating actions to be taken for different steam crisis scenarios. Control System & Instrumentation Engineers subsequently used the recommendations from the study to implement the ESLSS logics in the actual control system. The ESLSS designed through the dynamic simulation study is hence expected to immensely enhance the Safety, Reliability and Flexibility of Operation of the Saudi Kayan plants.