# ISA Interchange

Welcome to the official blog of the International Society of Automation (ISA).

This blog covers numerous topics on industrial automation such as operations & management, continuous & batch processing, connectivity, manufacturing & machine control, and Industry 4.0.

# AutoQuiz: How to Calculate the Output Signal Value of a Pneumatic Transmitter

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AutoQuiz is edited by Joel Don, ISA's community manager.

Today's automation industry quiz question comes from the ISA Certified Control Systems Technician (CCST) program. Certified Control System Technicians calibrate, document, troubleshoot, and repair/replace instrumentation for systems that measure and control level, temperature, pressure, flow, and other process variables. Click this link for information about the CCST program. This question comes from the Level I study guide, Domain 3, Troubleshooting. Level I represents a professional who has a five-year total of education, training, and/or experience.

If the range of a 3-15 psi pneumatic transmitter is 50-350 degrees F, what is the output signal value, in psi, at 198 degrees F?

a) 5.7
b) 7.2
c) 8.9
d) 12.6
e) none of the above

There is a straightforward linear relationship between the units of pounds  per square inch (psi) and degrees F (Fahrenheit). Therefore, one (1) psi equals 25 degrees F. The calculation for this is ((350-50) degrees F) / ((15-3) psi) = 25 degrees F / one psi.
To find the output signal, use the given temperature-198-and subtract the lower limit-50-from it to get 148 degrees. So, the output signal will be 148 degrees F above the lower output signal of 3 psi. Convert the 148 degrees F to psi by dividing 148 by 25, which equals 5.92 psi. Add 5.92 psi to the lower limit of 3 psi and get 8.92 psi.

The best answer is C, 8.9.

###### Joel Don
Joel Don is an independent content marketing, social media and public relations consultant. Prior to his work in marketing and PR, Joel served as an editor for regional newspapers and national magazines throughout the U.S. He earned a master's degree from the Medill School at Northwestern University with a focus on science, engineering and biomedical marketing communications, and a bachelor of science degree from UC San Diego.