ISA Interchange

Welcome to the official blog of the International Society of Automation (ISA).

This blog covers numerous topics on industrial automation such as operations & management, continuous & batch processing, connectivity, manufacturing & machine control, and Industry 4.0.

The material and information contained on this website is for general information purposes only. ISA blog posts may be authored by ISA staff and guest authors from the automation community. Views and opinions expressed by a guest author are solely their own, and do not necessarily represent those of ISA. Posts made by guest authors have been subject to peer review.

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AutoQuiz: In Liquid Flow, What is the Collapse or Implosion of Bubbles Called?

 

AutoQuiz is edited by Joel Don, ISA's social media community manager.

 

Today's automation industry quiz question comes from ISA's technical training course, Control Valve Mechanics and Operations from Analog to Digital. The course takes a deep dive into the control valve’s mechanical composition, actuation and positioning accessories, including a detailed study of digital valve controllers. The class is hands-on and lab intensive, and is designed to offer a real-world, working knowledge of valve mechanical configurations, valve operations and positioner calibrations.

 

There is a two-stage phenomenon in liquid flow. The first step is the formation of voids and cavities within the liquid system when the line pressure falls below the vapor pressure. The second stage is the collapse or implosion of these cavities back into an all-liquid state when the line pressure recovers above the vapor pressure and this stage is called:

A) Cavitation
B) Abrasion
C) Erosion
D) Flashing
E) None of the above

 

The definition of cavitation:

  •  A two-stage phenomenon of liquid flow involving the formation of vapor bubbles and their subsequent collapse
  • The implosion of the vapor bubbles results in noise and can cause extreme damage to the valve
  • Under severe cavitating conditions, extremely hard control valve components have failed in a matter of hours

The steps to avoiding cavitation:

  • Use anti-cavitation valves
  • Select high FL type trim (selecting a hardened trim will only prolong the service)
  • Relocate valve to a point of higher static pressure
  • Place an additional restrictor downstream
  • Size valve properly
  • Place valves in series

The correct answer is A.

Want to learn more about control valves? Sign up for ISA’s training course, Control Valve Mechanics and Operations from Analog to Digital.

 

About the Editor
Joel Don is the community manager for ISA and is an independent content marketing, social media and public relations consultant. Prior to his work in marketing and PR, Joel served as an editor for regional newspapers and national magazines throughout the U.S. He earned a master's degree from the Medill School at Northwestern University with a focus on science, engineering and biomedical marketing communications, and a bachelor of science degree from UC San Diego.

 

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AutoQuiz is edited by Joel Don, ISA's social media community manager.

Today's automation industry quiz question comes from ISA's new course, Control Valve Mechanics and Operations from Analog to Digital. The class, which is offered June 22-26, takes a deep dive into the control valve’s mechanical composition, actuation and positioning accessories, including a detailed study of digital valve controllers. The class is hands-on and lab intensive, and is designed to offer a real-world, working knowledge of valve mechanical configurations, valve operations and positioner calibrations.

There is a two-stage phenomenon in liquid flow. The first step is the formation of voids and cavities within the liquid system when the line pressure falls below the vapor pressure. The second stage is the collapse or implosion of these cavities back into an all-liquid state when the line pressure recovers above the vapor pressure and this stage is called:

A) Cavitation
B) Abrasion
C) Erosion
D) Flashing
E) None of the above

The correct answer is A.

The definition of cavitation:

  •  A two-stage phenomenon of liquid flow involving the formation of vapor bubbles and their subsequent collapse
  • The implosion of the vapor bubbles results in noise and can cause extreme damage to the valve
  • Under severe cavitating conditions, extremely hard control valve components have failed in a matter of hours

The steps to avoiding cavitation:

  •  Use anti-cavitation valves
  • Select high FL type trim (selecting a hardened trim will only prolong the service)
  • Relocate valve to a point of higher static pressure
  • Place an additional restrictor downstream
  • Size valve properly
  • Place valves in series

Want to learn more about control valves?  Sign up for ISA's new course, Control Valve Mechanics and Operations from Analog to Digital. Use the special quiz discount code JUNTS18 when you register for the course to get the class for half off. Register at this page: https://www.isa.org/training-certifications/isa-training/instructor-led/course-descriptions/ts18/?utm_campaign=smm-training-TS18-Control-Valve-Mechanics-and-Operations-from-Analog-to-Digital-landingpage&utm_medium=referral&utm_source=blog

Joel Don
Joel Don
Joel Don is an independent content marketing, social media and public relations consultant. Prior to his work in marketing and PR, Joel served as an editor for regional newspapers and national magazines throughout the U.S. He earned a master's degree from the Medill School at Northwestern University with a focus on science, engineering and biomedical marketing communications, and a bachelor of science degree from UC San Diego.

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